This five day study is based on the book "Does God Exist?". Over the next five days we will answer questions about who God, Jesus, and the Holy Spirit are.
- Job 36:26
- Psalms 11:7
- Jeremiah 32:17
- Malachi 3:6
- James 5:11
- 1 Peter 1:16
- 1 John 1:9
As Christians, we believe that God has made Himself known through both natural and special revelation. Natural revelation is God revealed in nature. Natural theology is the process whereby we seek to understand this revelation in nature. For instance, arguments from nature, such as the cosmological argument, the fine-tuning argument, or even the moral argument, help us to learn some things about the nature of God and even demonstrate that life is not an accident.
This begs the question, “What can we learn about God from natural revelation?” Well, without going into detail here, by studying the philosophical and scientific arguments for God’s existence, we can see that God is a necessary, uncaused, timeless, spaceless, immaterial, personal, creator God. Yes, that’s a lot to digest. And fortunately, God has made Himself known even clearer through special revelation. We can be thankful that arguments from natural theology provide a compelling case for God’s existence, but these are also arguments that other theists like Jews and Muslims can utilize. That’s why we need special revelation to answer more precisely the question before us.
Namely, Who is God?
Scripture confirms through special revelation what we’ve already said about God through natural theology—God is a necessary, uncaused, timeless, spaceless, immaterial, personal, creator God. But special revelation seasons things up a bit by supplying more flavorful details about God. Here’s a mere sampling of what we learn about Him.
God’s Nature (or Essence) Revealed in Scripture: • God is omnipresent (Psalm 139:7-12; Jeremiah 23:24) • God is omniscient (Psalm 147:4-5) • God is omnipotent (Jeremiah 32:17; Psalm 135:6) • God is Spirit (John 4:24) • God is in a league of His own (Isaiah 46:9) • God is immortal and invisible (1 Timothy 1:17) • God is the Creator (Genesis 1:1; Colossians 1:16) • God is unchanging (Malachi 3:6) • God is sovereign (Psalm 115:3) • God is One, yet He exists in three persons (Matthew 3:16-17; 28:19; 2 Corinthians 13:14)
God’s Character Revealed in Scripture: • God is loving (John 3:16; 1 John 4:8) • God is gracious and merciful (Jonah 4:2; Deuteronomy 4:31) • God is righteous (Psalm 11:7) • God is holy (Leviticus 19:2; 1 Peter 1:16) • God is just (Deuteronomy 32:4; Isaiah 30:18) • God is forgiving (1 John 1:9) • God is compassionate (James 5:11).
If you had to best summarize who God is based on the biblical data we have, what would you say?
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